Bulgakov & Mandelstam
Bulgakov and Mandelstam never met and yet their lives had much in
common. Both men were born in the same year, 1891, and both lives ended
prematurely, crushed by the cruel totalitarian system. Mandelstam died
in a Siberian gulag in December 1938, and Bulgakov 14 months later, in
March 1940, from a terminal illness, probably brought on by unbearable
stress and disillusionment.
Despite their obvious genius both were largely unappreciated and unrecognized except by a handful of close friends who gave them encouragement and moral suport. Both had unusually close relationships with their wives who inspired their work during their lifetime and enthusiastically promoted it after their deaths. If it were not for the wives' courageous efforts against all odds, world literature would have lost Mandelstam's luminous poetry and Bulgakov's superb magic realism.
Memoirs by Mandelstam's younger brother that have never appeared
in print before.
Photo biographies of both Bulgakov and Mandelstam.